Bear-human conflict risks pinpointed amid resurgent bear population

first_imgNew research maps out the potential risk “hotspots” for black bear-human conflict based on an analysis of conditions that led to nearly 400 bear deaths between 1997 and 2013.The study area covered the Lake Tahoe Basin and the Great Basin Desert in western Nevada.The methods used to predict risks based on environmental variables could help wildlife managers identify and mitigate human-carnivore conflict in other parts of the world, the authors write. Scientists have mapped out instances of human-black bear conflict in a part of the U.S. state of Nevada where bears are returning decades after they vanished.The results of their analyses, reported in the October issue of the journal Global Ecology and Conservation, could help wildlife managers identify specific sites where this type of conflict is more likely in the future, potentially allowing them to avert the deaths of black bears as a result.“Ultimately the goal of conservation is to have more individuals of species like bears and other carnivores on landscapes like we have accomplished in the Great Basin, but we then have to understand how to limit their mortality that results from conflicts with humans,” conservation scientist and study co-author Jon Beckmann, who directs the Wildlife Conservation Society’s Rocky Mountain West program, said in a statement.Black bear cubs in a dumpster. Image by Jon Beckmann/WCS.The area around Lake Tahoe in western Nevada extending east into the Great Basin Desert had been home to black and grizzly bears until the 1930s. But changes to their habitat and their persecution as predators led to their disappearance from much of the region. Recently, however, restored habitats have made the area more hospitable, and authorities have put new wildlife regulations in place, encouraging black bears to move back into the area. At the same time, recreational opportunities such as skiing and hiking have become more popular, leading to the development of resorts and housing.To better understand the implications of these converging trends, the authors plotted out the deaths of black bears — 382 in all — recorded from 1997 until 2013 in this area. Most of the bears either died in collisions with vehicles or were euthanized by wildlife managers because they’d had run-ins with people and were considered a danger to human safety or property.A mother black bear feeding on huckleberries. Image by Alan Vernon via Wikimedia Commons (CC BY 2.0).The team then used a statistical model to figure out what factors in the environment heightened the risk of death for black bears. The modeling revealed that more bears died closer to towns, roads and livestock pastures in the study area. But the analyses also uncovered the effects of such variables as the number of hiking trails in an area, the distance to recreation sites, and the type of forest nearby in determining the risk to black bears.“We were surprised to find subtle indicators of human activity were important drivers of bear mortality risk, an important finding for wildlife recovery efforts,” Rae Wynn-Grant, a conservation biologist with the American Museum of Natural History in New York and the study’s lead author, said in the statement.Black bear cubs. Image by Jon Beckmann/WCS.The authors believe the growth of the bear population could hinge on minimizing the deaths of bears stemming from tangles with people.What’s more, these strategies and the insights they yield could help wildlife managers in other parts of the country with rising black bear populations, the authors write. These methods might also be valuable in other parts of the world where other carnivores may be threatened by the shifting “wildland-urban interface” that puts them in greater contact with people.Banner image of a swimming black bear by Cephas via Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 3.0).Citation Wynn-Grant, R., Ginsberg, J. R., Lackey, C. W., Sterling, E. J., & Beckmann, J. P. (2018). Risky business: Modeling mortality risk near the urban-wildland interface for a large carnivore. Global Ecology and Conservation, e00443.FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the author of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page. Animal Behavior, Animals, Bears, Big Cats, Biodiversity, Carnivores, Conflict, Conservation, Ecological Restoration, Ecology, Ecosystem Restoration, Environment, Forests, Habitat, Habitat Destruction, Habitat Loss, Human-wildlife Conflict, Hunting, Landscape Restoration, Mammals, Predators, Research, Restoration, Temperate Forests, Top Predators, Wildlife, Wildlife Conservation Article published by John Cannoncenter_img Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsoredlast_img read more

Read More »

Raymond Almazan ‘100 perfect ready, healthy’ in return for Meralco

first_imgTaal Volcano’s lava fountain weakens, but Phivolcs says it’s not sign of slowing down Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. LOOK: Taal Volcano island 2 days after eruption But now back in full health, Almazan hopes to finally show why he is just what the Bolts are looking for as their man in the middle.“Physically and mentally, I’m 100 percent ready. I’m 100 percent healthy now,” he told INQUIRER.net in Filipino Saturday.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSAndray Blatche has high praise for teammate Kai SottoSPORTSBig differenceSPORTSAlmazan status stays uncertain ahead of Game 4“I’m willing to do whatever the coaches want me to do and whatever role they want me to play even if it’s not a starring role. It’s been so long since I’ve been to at least the semifinals and I want to help this team make it far.”He showed just that when he led a shorthanded Meralco side in a tune-up game against Korean team Jeonju Kcc Egis at Meralco Gym. MANILA, Philippines—Raymond Almazan dealt with a calf injury in his first conference with Meralco in the 2019 Commissioner’s Cup.ADVERTISEMENT No need to wear face masks in Metro Manila, says scientist MOST READ He only had a one-day break since he returned but rest can wait.“I learned a lot from my experience i the World Cup and I want to apply all of that to help my team this coming conference.”Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Robredo to visit Batangas families displaced by Taal erruption Teen dead, another hurt in vehicular collision in Santiago Citycenter_img LATEST STORIES View comments Residents rescue horses, farm animals left on volcano island Without Allen Durham, Almazan held the fort down low finishing with a team-high 15 points while also serving as the anchor on the defensive end. His efforts helped the Bolts settle for a tie against a squad with two imports.“Almazan being with us for the second conference and now being healthy will really be a big help for us,” said Meralco head coach Norman Black.“He played well today. He’s a big guy and we need a young big guy so he’s gonna be a big help for us in the rebound category and also the shot blocks and being able to defend the paint,” he added.And it’s only going to get better from here for Almazan.The former Letran standout just arrived from a stint with the Philippine team in the 2019 Fiba World Cup in China last Tuesday. He has just rejoined Meralco in practice on Thursday.ADVERTISEMENT Philippines make clean sweep in Men’s and Women’s 3×3 Basketball PLAY LIST 02:43Philippines make clean sweep in Men’s and Women’s 3×3 Basketball06:27SEA Games 2019: No surprises as Gilas Pilipinas cruises to basketball gold02:43Philippines make clean sweep in Men’s and Women’s 3×3 Basketball01:04Daybreak as smoke, ash billows from Taal volcano01:05Poor visibility, nakaapekto sa maraming lugar sa Batangas03:028,000 pulis sa Region 4-A, tuloy ang trabaho03:57Phivolcs, nahihirapan sa komunikasyon sa Taal01:04Sold-out: Stores run out of face masks after Taal spews ash01:45Iran police shoot at those protesting plane shootdown Heart Evangelista, Kim Chiu, more celebs appeal for animal rescue after Taal eruption LOOK: Kryz Uy, Slater Young expecting first son Despite loss, Racela likes how FEU made Ateneo work for its shotslast_img read more

Read More »

Shopping at D23: Mickey’s of Glendale

first_imgShare This!There’s plenty to see and do at the D23 Fan Convention, but for many fans, shopping is near the top of their list. There’s such a variety of high-end, collectible, and just plain unique merchandise available that it is easy to break the bank at them. Here’s some of what you can find at the Mickey’s of Glendale booth at D23, including Avengers Campus merchandise, the latest in the new Epcot look, Disco Mickey and Minnie shirts, and more. Spot any must-haves that you’d want to buy? Let us know in the comments.last_img

Read More »

Program on the rise: Stratford girls basketball looks to turn a good start into a great finish

first_imgBy Paul LeckerSports ReporterSTRATFORD — The Stratford girls basketball team’s 7-2 start to the season may be surprising to some but not to the Tigers.Stratford started the season 6-0 before suffering conference home losses to Auburndale and Wisconsin Rapids Assumption during the last two weeks.Second-year coach Tammie Christopherson has high hopes for the Tigers this season but knows there is still plenty of work to do.The Tigers cleared one hurdle toward becoming a top-tier team in the Marawood Conference South by beating Wausau Newman Catholic on the road on Dec. 10, but a 10-point loss to Auburndale and a turnover-plagued 57-30 defeat to Assumption on Monday have showed they are not quite there.“We’re a program that’s been building and rising,” Christopherson said. “I tell the girls we’re a good program. We want to be a great program. In order to be a great program, we have to beat these teams at the top of the Marawood. We’re sick and tired of being fourth or fifth, we want to climb out of that.“We’re heading in the right direction, but we’re not there yet. It’s a long season. I have all the confidence that we can figure this out and we can come back stronger the next time. The beauty of the Marawood is we get see these teams all over again.”Stratford has a roster filled with juniors and sophomores. The only senior is 5-foot-11 center Marissa Cepress.Juniors Macie Frueh and Tianna Hughes are each averaging 10 points a game, and Cepress, Savannah Schillinger, and Casey Kolbeck—the other three starters in the Tigers’ lineup—have also scored in double figures in at least one game this season.“We’re a small team, and that does hurt us sometimes,” Christopherson said. “We do get scoring from a lot of different places, and I think that is probably our biggest strength right now. We have to develop an inside game. We can’t rely solely on living and dying by the 3-point line. Slowly but surely we’re creeping into the inside game a little more.”The Tigers, 2-2 in the Marawood South, have games against Pittsville and Marathon coming up before beginning their second time through the conference slate. Christopherson said the team needs to continue to work hard and improve, especially in the mental part of the game.“We’re still young. My goal is that we keep getting better,” Christopherson said. “My first three people off the bench are sophomores. I see growth in them too. We have to keep building. This conference is absolutely insane. There’s no off night in the Marawood, but I guess I wouldn’t have it any other way.”Paul Lecker is publisher of MarshfieldAreaSports.com, a contributor to Hub City Times Sports. You can reach him by email at [email protected]last_img read more

Read More »

Hawaiian plans capacity growth after 2017 passenger record

first_imgPhoto Hawaiian Airlines Hawaiian Airlines’ growth strategy continued to pay dividends in 2017 as passenger numbers hit a record 11.5 million to deliver 13 consecutive years of growth.Passenger numbers on Hawaii’s biggest and longest-serving airline were up 4.1 per cent as it filled more seats on its planes and boosted its load factor by 1.5 percentage points to 85.8 per cent.About half the growth came from Japan, according to vice president of network planning and revenue management Brent Overbeek, as the airline benefited from investments in growing capacity and passenger volumes, especially in Tokyo.Read our review of Hawaiian.It also added capacity on inter-island routes such as Kona-Lihue (on the island of Kauai) and Honolulu-Kapalua (Maui) while experiencing solid growth in many mature markets, Overbeek said.While Hawaiian has not said how many extra passengers it expects in 2018, it plans  to increase capacity by 6.5 per cent.This includes new  routes to the mainland such as its Airbus A321neo services between Kahului on Maui to Oakland.Hawaiian took delivery of its first of 18 A321neo aircraft in November and plans to use the fuel-efficient aircraft to help boost services to the US West Coast.The 189-passenger aircraft features 16 leather recliners in the Premium Cabin, 45 Extra Comfort premium economy seats, and 128 economy seats.The mid-range aircraft, which will complement twin-aisle jet services to 11 gateway US cities, opens up new destinations for Hawaiian and it this week  added a daily Long Beach-Honolulu A321neo service starting May 31 to the list.The year-round service joins Portland -Kahului, due to start on January 18, Oakland- Lihue ( April 11) and  San Diego-Kahului (May 1). Los Angeles -Kona (Hawaii) will join the roster in the summer.In the pipeline for the airline’s fleet of Airbus A330s is increased capacity to Japan and New Zealand. Hawaiian and Japan Airlines plan to codeshare from March in a partnership that will provide passengers of both carriers with more options.Prospects are also promising for the airline’s services between the Hawaiian Islands, where it provides about 170 jet flights daily“The trends we are seeing for travel within the islands of Hawaii are also strong,’’ Overbeek said.The record passenger result comes as Hawaiian chief executive Mark Dunkerley retires in March and hands over the reins to chief commercial officer Peter Ingram.Hawaiian doubled the number of passengers flown under Dunkerley as it added service to destinations such as Tokyo, Osaka, Sapporo, Seoul and Beijing and started new routes to Auckland, Sydney, Brisbane, Australia and New York City.Over the same period,  the company’s gross revenues increased four-fold to $US2.64 billion and its  share price rose from a 52-week low of 29 cents in 2003 to $US60.90 over a 52-week period ending November.last_img read more

Read More »

Skydeck Puts Your Cell Phone Online

first_imgWhy IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces Tags:#mobile#Product Reviews#Real World#web frederic lardinois What it Takes to Build a Highly Secure FinTech … Related Posts center_img Role of Mobile App Analytics In-App Engagement Cell phone providers hold a wealth of information about your real-world social network in their records that you can theoretically access through their cumbersome web interfaces. None of the cell phone companies we are aware of do a good job at presenting this information in a meaningful way, however. This is where Skydeck comes in. Skydeck, which released a major update to its service this morning, can access your provider’s call data, as well as your text messages and voicemail. For a fee, Skydeck will also transcribe your voicemails and allow you to make calls directly from Skydeck’s web interface.As Skydeck’s CEO and co-founder Jason Devitt pointed out to us last year, the inspiration for Skydeck came from a desire to take control of the data about your “true social network (that) is hidden in your communication records.” When we first spoke to Devitt, Skydeck was ‘just’ a Firefox extension. Since then, Skydeck has moved away from the browser extension and now gets all its data directly from the cell phone companies, similar to what Mint does for financial records. To make use of this service, you will have to give Skydeck the login credentials for your cell phone provider, however.Your Cell Phone, Online Thanks to its latest updates, Skydeck not only lets you access and respond to all your text messages and voicemails, but also lets you sync the contact data on your cell phone to the web. Skydeck’s interface is similar to a standard email interface, with your messages displayed in chronological order, no matter if they were calls, text messages, or voicemails. At regular intervals, Skydeck syncs up with your cell phone accounts and downloads the relevant information to its servers.BlackBerry, Android, Windows MobileAll of this this, however, works best on Blackberry and Android phones, with full support for Windows Mobile coming soon (the basic features work on any phone, however). So far, there is no word about support for the iPhone. Make Calls From the Web Skydeck’s most interesting new feature is probably its ability to make calls right from the web browser. Unlike similar solutions like Google’s GrandCentral, Skydeck doesn’t give you a new phone number, which means that your own cell phone number will appear on the caller ID.Skydeck also integrates with Plaxo, so that you can easily sync your address book between the two applications.PlansSkydeck has three monthly plans. The free demo account lets you manage your contacts, and access your basic call data, but you won’t be able to make calls, access your voicemail, or get transcriptions of your voicemail. For $9.95 a month, you get all of these features, but you pay 3 cents per minute for every call within the U.S. and voicemail transcriptions cost 20 cents each. Skydeck’s unlimited plan, with unlimited calling and as many voicemail transcriptions as you could ever want, will set you back $29.95 per month.VerdictSkydeck is simply an incredibly useful service. It has far more features than we could even touch upon in this review (like organizing your contacts by how often you call them). In many ways, it is providing a service for your cell phone that we would have hoped to see from Google’s GrandCentral. The Rise and Rise of Mobile Payment Technologylast_img read more

Read More »

Making Sense of the “New iPhone” Rumors

first_imgThe new iPhone, expected to launch sometime in Q3 2011, will be “thinner and lighter” than the iPhone 4, according to a new report from The Wall Street Journal, citing people familiar with the situation. It will also include an 8-megapixel camera – a big step up from the 5-megapixel camera now in the iPhone 4, claims the paper.While the 8-megapixel camera has been reported by numerous sources, the design itself is still in question. Last month, for example, Bloomberg said the new iPhone would “closely resemble” the iPhone 4. And in May, This is my Next… reported the iPhone would sport a teardrop-shaped design. What’s really going on?What’s going on is that no one knows. New design, same design, thinner, lighter, teardrop-shaped? Everything’s in full “rumor” territory until Apple CEO Steve Jobs steps on stage and holds up the new device for the world to see.That being said, when comparing all the reports in aggregate, some trends can be seen.Biggest Rumors So FarFor starters, in the Journal report, an unnamed component supplier stated that Apple’s sales estimates for the next iPhone were aggressive – Apple told them to prepare for 25 million units by year end. But two other sources cautioned that the new iPhone is “complicated and difficult to assemble,” which could prove challenging for Hon Hai, the global assembler for Apple products. And what makes a phone complicated to assemble? Hon Hai Chairman Terry Gou said it was because some of the devices it handles are “so thin,” explains The Journal, referring to something Gou said at the company’s annual meeting in June.For what it’s worth, the iPhone 5 (if that’s what it will be called) described by The Journal could confirm both the This is my Next… report of a teardrop-shaped phone as well as an earlier BGR report which states that the next iPhone will not be “an upgraded iPhone 4 as had been previously rumored.” Instead, said BGR, it will sport a “radical new case design.”At the time, BGR didn’t have any news on what that case design would be, but referenced the This is my Next… blog post as one possibility.  And Joshua Topolsky of This is my Next.., formerly of Engadget, had reported all the way back in January that the next iPhone would be “completely redesigned,” according to his sources.While it’s entirely possible that all the sources referenced are just the machinations of Apple PR, the trend does seem to point to a new look for the new iPhone. At least, that’s what we’re hoping for, especially considering all the drama over “antennagate” with the iPhone 4. Oh, had you all forgotten that? But of course the new iPhone will be redesigned – Apple doesn’t want to go through that again! Image credit, mockup: This is My Next… Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Tags:#Apple#news#NYT#web Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… sarah perez A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market Related Posts last_img read more

Read More »

Inclusive Design For Accessible Presentations

first_img Small text in the middle of a large slide. (Large preview)People up the back will appreciate every extra pixel you add to your font size. People with vision impairments will appreciate the larger text too — they’ve got a better chance of being able to read it.Go big or go home. This goes for all text, even “less important” stuff like data labels, graph axes and legends, image captions, footnotes, URLs, and references.Web forms are such an important part of the web, but we design them poorly all the time. The brand new Form Design Patterns book is our new practical guide for people who design, prototype and build all sorts of forms for digital services, products and websites. The eBook is free for Smashing Members. Check the table of contents ↬Is Your Slide Font Readable?I love fonts; they can really set the tone of a talk. However, before you jump into the craziest corners of Google Fonts, think of your audience members with reading difficulties. Using handwriting or script fonts, particularly ones whose letters link together, makes text much harder to read. Using uppercase reduces scannability by removing ascenders and descenders, as well as being shouty.There’s more scope to experiment with fonts on slides than web pages due to the larger text size, but here are some best practices:Sans serif is typically the most readable.Be generous with spacing (between letters, words, and lines).Use bold for emphasis — underline and italic change the letter shapes, making them less identifiable.Use mixed case, not all caps.(Reference: British Dyslexia Association Style Guide 2018)Does It Make Sense In Greyscale?Do a print preview of your slides in black and white. Does it all still make sense without the color? If you send out your slides post-talk, some people may not have access to a color printer.There’s also a good chance that someone at your talk is color-blind. If you’ve used red text for negative items and green text for positive items mixed together in a single list, they may not be able to tell them apart. If the datasets in your graphs only use color to differentiate, think about using patterns or labels to tell each bar, line or pie segment apart.Don’t rely on color only to tell your story — enhance color with labels, icons, or other visual markers.Recommended reading: Getting Started In Public SpeakingIt’s A Slide, Not A NovelEvery time a new slide goes up, you lose the crowd while they scan the new content. If the slide is full of text, it’s going to take a long time for their attention to come back to what you’re saying.People with attention deficiencies will struggle to read your slides and listen to what you’re saying at the same time. Audience members with reading difficulties may not finish reading text-heavy slides before you move on, and never mind what you said while they were concentrating on the screen.Slides aren’t speaker notes. If you need prompts, write up some cards or use your slide program’s notes function. Use keywords and short phrases in your slides, not whole sentences or paragraphs, to share the essential ideas of your talk. Write and refer to a long-form companion piece if you want to share loads of detail that doesn’t translate well to slides.Animated Slide Transitions? Really?My high-school self-loved slide transitions — the zanier, the better. Look, my slide is swirling down a plughole! It’s swinging back and forth like a leaf on the breeze! Fades, swipes, shutters, I was all for it. HomeWeb DesignInclusive Design For Accessible Presentations Inclusive Design For Accessible PresentationsYou are here: (ra, yk, il)From our sponsors: Inclusive Design For Accessible Presentations Inclusive Design For Accessible Presentations Inclusive Design For Accessible Presentations Allison Ravenhall 2018-11-15T13:45:14+01:00 2018-11-16T11:23:01+00:00To all the presenters of conferences, workshops, and meetups: I truly enjoy hearing your anecdotes and learning things from you. I like laughing at your jokes, especially the puns. Unfortunately, some people in your audience aren’t getting as much out of your session as me. They may not be able to see your slides, or hear you speak, or make out the details on the screen.A few tweaks will make your presentation more inclusive. Here are some tips so next time you’re on stage, everyone in the crowd can laugh at your bad jokes.1. Create Accessible SlidesMake Your Text Big. No, Bigger.The back row of your presentation room is a long way from the projector screen. It’s much further than the distance between you and your laptop screen as you create your slides. Posted on 16th November 2018Web Design FacebookshareTwittertweetGoogle+share Microsoft PowerPoint contains 48 (!) animated slide transition options. (Large preview)I have since discovered that slide transitions are overrated. More seriously, they can make the audience feel sick. Slide transitions and other animation such as parallax scrolling can trigger nausea, headaches and dizziness in people with vestibular (inner ear) disorders.Make your audience groan with your punny jokes, not because they feel ill.Readability Applies To Slide Text, TooIf you’re presenting, you probably know a decent amount about your topic. You likely use specialist words and phrases and assume a minimum level of audience knowledge.Be mindful of using jargon and acronyms, even if you think they’re well-known. Explain them, don’t assume everyone knows them. Better still, use plain language for everything.Don’t mistake using simpler words and shorter phrases for “dumbing it down”. Slides are for clear and concise ideas, not showing off your vocabulary. Save your fancy words for your next crossword puzzle.GIFs Aren’t Always FunnyAnimated GIFs are used in lots of presentations — usually as a killer quip or a laugh out loud punchline. They’re an easy way to add fun to dry tech talks but use with care — and I’m not talking about your bad sense of humor.If the GIF content strobes or flashes rapidly, it may trigger seizures in people with photosensitive epilepsy. It’s happened: in 2016, disgruntled Trump supporters caused a Newsweek writer with epilepsy to have a seizure by deliberately tweeting flashing images to him.While a GIF is looping on the screen, I’m half-listening to the presenter at best. It’s so distracting. If there’s an animation on screen while you relate an anecdote, I’m going to miss the story.When you create an animated GIF, you can configure the number of times it loops. This is a good compromise — have some fun with your audience, then they can focus on what you’re saying without distraction.How Good Is Your Color Contrast? The word ‘Binary’ on the bottom-left of this slide is presented in a large, readable font, but the color contrast is very poor. (Large preview)There are recommended color contrast values for text on the web. The idea is to ensure text is visible even if you have a vision impairment or color-blindness.Color contrast is important for slide content too. You probably won’t have much control over the environment, so it’s a good idea to use color combinations that go beyond recommended contrast ratios. I guarantee it won’t look as clear on the projector as it does on your computer.Don’t be subtle with your color palette. Use bold colors that make your text stand out clearly from the background. Be careful about laying text over images — do it, just make sure the contrast is good. Use a color contrast checker and aim for a ratio of at least 4.5 : 1.(Before you flame me about the big text minimum ratio being 3 : 1 for WCAG 2.0 AA, I figure it’s big up close, but it’s smaller from the audience’s perspective. They’re not likely to complain that it’s too high contrast, are they?)Downloadable color contrast checker by the Paciello Group (for Windows & Mac)Online color contrast checker by Lea VerouIf you know the setup in advance, light-colored text on a dark background is more audience-friendly in a darkened room; a white background can be dazzling. Some people have even resorted to wearing sunglasses when they were blinded by too much glare!Enable Your Audience To Follow AlongIf you plan to share your slides or you have complementary materials, include links to these on your first slide, and mention it in your intro. This enables your audience to follow along or adapt the presentation on their own devices. People with low vision can zoom in on visual content, and blind audience members can follow along on Braille displays or with a screen reader and earbuds.Keep Your Links ShortIf there’s a web link in your slide, there are two reasons to keep it as short as possible:Readability: Long URLs will wrap onto multiple lines, which is hard to read.Say-ability: You should say your URL out loud for people who can’t see the screen. A long URL is very hard to say correctly, particularly if it contains strings of random characters. It’s also very hard for listeners to understand and record in real time.Use a URL shortener to create short links that point to the destination. If you can, maximize readability by customizing the short link to contain related word or two rather than a random string.Does Your Presentation Contain Multimedia?Video and audio clips are a great way of presenting events, interviews, and edited content that doesn’t work in real time.If you’re playing video, think about audience members who can’t see the screen — is the audio descriptive enough by itself? Can a blind or low-vision person get a sense of what’s going on, or who’s speaking, purely from the soundtrack? You may need to introduce or summarise the vision yourself to add context.If your video has an audio track or you’re playing a separate sound clip, are the visuals enough for someone who is deaf or hard of hearing? You should provide captions of decent size and contrast. Given an audio clip doesn’t have a visual component, you could display equivalent text or graphics while the audio is playing.Don’t Put The Punchline At The Bottom Of Your SlideThis is more of a general usability tip. Don’t bottom-align slide text unless you know that the bottom of the screen is located well above the audience, or the audience seating is tiered. If the bottom of the projector screen is at or below the audiences’ head-height, and the floor is flat, people seated beyond the first few rows will likely not see what you wrote at the bottom of the slide.Recommended reading: How To Transform Your Next Conference Takeaways Into Real-Life Results2. Presenting TipsHave A Clear Beginning, Middle, And EndIt can be tempting to structure your talk towards a big reveal. This is a great device for building interest, but you run the risk of losing people with attention deficit disorders. More generally, if you find yourself running out of time, you may have to rush or cut short your final grand flourish!Set expectations upfront. Start with a quick “Today I’ll be covering…” statement. You don’t have to give the whole game away, just tantalize the crowd with an outline. They can then decide if they want to commit their brain power to focus on your talk. Let the audience know that it’s OK for them to go if they wish.Don’t be offended if someone chooses not to stay. They may have a limited capacity for focused thought each day, so a conference of back-to-back presentations and loud breakout spaces is challenging. They must pick and choose what is most useful to them. Hopefully, they’ll come back to your talk if it’s shared later.Give The Audience Time To Read Your SlidesComplex content like graphs with multiple datasets take time to read and understand. If your slide is a slab of text, your audience will get annoyed if you summarise it and skip onto the next topic before they’ve finished reading.Consider how much time your audience needs to read and understand each slide, based on the amount and complexity of the content. Remember, they’re seeing it for the first time, and they don’t know as much about the topic as you. Structure your talk so complex slides stay up on the screen long enough to be read completely.You worked hard on those slides, it’d be a shame if they weren’t appreciated!Provide Captions And Foreign Language TranslationI’ve attended events that have provided sign language interpreters or live captions to translate or transcribe what the speakers say in real time. They’re invaluable for people who are deaf or hard of hearing. International events may also provide foreign-language translation.If you present at an event that provides these services, send your slides or speaker notes to the interpreters and captioners in advance. They can then research and practice unfamiliar terms before the day.Many events don’t provide captioning or translation. They’re beyond the budget of most conferences, being both specialized and labor-intensive. In this case, you can potentially provide your own captions.MS PowerPoint has a free Presentation Translator plug-in to add real-time captions and foreign language translation. I saw a demo at A11y Camp Sydney last year:A live demo of @Microsoft Translate as transcript by @mastersofdavid at #A11yCampSyd pic.twitter.com/DW3K4J7wfH— Allison Ravenhall (@RavenAlly) September 13, 2017Google recently added real-time captioning to its Slides product, too.Mind Your LanguageYour choice of words may be offending or excluding some of your audience, and you may not even know you’re doing it.Not all people that work in technology are “guys.” When a speaker says “I talked to the guys about it,” I imagine a group of men. If they’d said “I talked to the developers about it,” then my imaginary group also contains women.There’s also ableist language. Using words like retarded, insane, lame, and crazy incorrectly is degrading to those with mental and physical disorders. What’s a normal user? Are you making assumptions about gender, sexual orientation, race, family unit, technical knowledge, physical or mental abilities, or level of education?Then there’s swearing, commonly used to get attention or add some spice. Be careful about deploying this weapon. If you’ve misjudged the room, you could put people offside. If you’re traveling, that fairly tame curse word you use at home could be deeply offensive elsewhere.Stories Aren’t UniversalWhen I discussed color contrast at A11y Bytes 2017, I moaned about not being able to see my phone screen in bright sunlight. Attempting to relate, I asked “we’ve all been there, right?”, expecting a few nods and smiles.The retort was lightning-fast: “Can’t say I’ve found it a problem!” Laughter rippled through the crowd as I realized I’d just been heckled by a blind woman. She graciously laughed off my hasty apology.I still tell my sunlight story, but now I’m mindful that not everyone can relate to it directly. Learn from my mistake, don’t assume your audience has the same abilities and experiences as you.Interests And Pop Culture References Aren’t Universal EitherMy most recent presentations have been about WCAG 2.1, including the need to provide alternatives to motion-based inputs. I use three Nintendo Switch games as examples.I don’t assume that the audience has used a Switch. I briefly explain the premise of each game and the motion input it uses before I move on to how it relates to the new success criteria. It’s a courtesy to those people who don’t share my interest in the Switch.Similarly, much as I’d love to do a Star Wars-themed accessibility talk, I won’t because I’d be putting my own amusement ahead of informing my audience. Some people aren’t into Star Wars, just as I’m not a Trekkie or a Whovian. It’d be a shame for them to misunderstand me because they can’t translate my tenuous Star Wars associations — or worse — if they saw the themed talk title and skipped my session altogether.Have some fun, by all means, include a pop culture reference or two, but don’t structure your entire talk around it. Make it work for someone who hasn’t watched that movie, or heard that band, or read that book, or seen that meme.A Picture Is Worth A Thousand (Spoken) WordsPhotos, graphics and drawings all add interest to your slides. You may have screenshots of a website you’ve built, or photos of people or places you’re talking about.When your slide imagery is part of the story, remember to describe the pictures for those in the audience that can’t see it. Try not to say “As you can see here…” because someone may not be able to see there.If you think it’s awkward to quickly rehash a sight gag, think how awkward you’d feel if you were in a room full of people that suddenly all laughed and you didn’t know why.Slow Down, Breathe.You’re nervous. You’ve never presented before. You’ve got a time limit and lots to share. You haven’t practiced. Your parents, friends, children, workmates, industry idols, and managers are all in the room.Whatever the reason, you probably talk faster than usual when you present. This puts pressure on interpreters and captioners, particularly if your talk contains tech-speak. Your audience may struggle to keep up too. Note-takers mash their laptops in vain, live-tweeters’ thumbs cramp up, and sketchnoters leave a trail of half-drawn doodles in their wake. International visitors may get lost figuring out your accent. Cognitively, everyone is thinking furiously to keep up, and it’s hard work!Practice. Slow down. No one knows your stuff as well as you; give everyone else time to take it in.Respect The Code Of Conduct And Your AudienceCodes of conduct are found at most public speaking events, such as this one by UX Gatherings. They set the minimum behavior standard for speakers and attendees.Read the code of conduct for every event you attend — they can differ broadly. Know the no-go zones and don’t go there.If you are talking about sensitive topics that may upset some of your audience, give them plenty of notice so they can prepare or remove themselves from the discussion. A note in the event program, if possible. A mention on your lead slide, and during your opening remarks. Include contact details of support services if appropriate.Make Your Code Demonstrations Accessible, TooWell done if you have mastered the art of the live code demonstration. Few presenters can show off something meaningful that also works while providing a clear commentary.You know what would take your code demo to the next level? Jacking up the font size. Your usual code editor font size is perfect when you’re sitting at your desk, but it’s not big enough for those sitting in the back row of your presentation.Check your editor’s color settings too. A pure white background might be startlingly bright in a darkened room. Make sure your editor text colors have good contrast as well.Don’t Drop The MicIf there’s a microphone on offer, use it, even if it’s a small space.Many public conference spaces have an audio induction (hearing) loop connected to their AV systems. The loop transmits the AV output directly to hearing aids and cochlear implants. People who are hard of hearing receive the target audio without background noise.Recommended reading: Getting The Most Out Of Your Web Conference Experience3. After The PresentationCongratulations! You’ve done your talk. There are just a couple more things that’ll round this thing out nicely.Distribute Accessible SlidesLots of presenters publish their slides after the talk is done. If this is you, make them accessible! Correct semantics, meaningful read order, ALT text on images, enough color contrast, video captions, limited animation looping, reasonable slide transitions, all the good stuff.Fill The Gaps With Notes, A Transcript Or An ArticleHelp people that need more time to take in your talk and need more detail than what’s on your slides. Publish your speaker notes or a companion piece that covers your topic(s). If the event is recorded, ask the organizers to include captions or a transcript (but perhaps don’t rely on YouTube’s auto-captioning).ConclusionApplying these tips will make a big difference to your whole audience. Your slide content, design, and how you present can all affect how well the crowd gets your message, if at all. This is particularly true for those with physical and cognitive conditions.Making subtle changes to what you show and your script will help all attendees, not just those with disabilities, to get the most out of your hard work. Related postsInclusive Components: Book Reviews And Accessibility Resources13th December 2019Should Your Portfolio Site Be A PWA?12th December 2019Building A CSS Layout: Live Stream With Rachel Andrew10th December 2019Struggling To Get A Handle On Traffic Surges10th December 2019How To Design Profitable Sales Funnels On Mobile6th December 2019How To Build A Real-Time Multiplayer Virtual Reality Game (Part 2)5th December 2019last_img read more

Read More »

a month agoNewcastle boss Bruce feels Carroll can help Joelinton settle

first_imgAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Newcastle boss Bruce feels Carroll can help Joelinton settleby Paul Vegasa month agoSend to a friendShare the loveNewcastle United boss Steve Bruce feels Andy Carroll can help Joelinton settle.Bruce was happy to have both on the pitch for their 1-1 draw with Brighton.He said, “On ‘Big Joe’, the burden of being a Newcastle United centre-forward is always going to be there and I think for any player who comes to the Premier League they need a bit of time, especially if you are young.”No disrespect to the Bundesliga or wherever they have come from, it is totally different to playing against three big centre-backs from Brighton who bashed him to bits.”It wasn’t until Andy Carroll came on where we could give him a bit of a hand but it was a bit of an eye-opener for him.”He learned from it, he is desperate to do well, so give them a bit of time and I think they will both flourish.” last_img read more

Read More »

6 days agoBournemouth captain Francis highlights Howe work ethic

first_imgBournemouth captain Francis highlights Howe work ethicby Paul Vegas6 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveBournemouth captain Simon Francis has hailed the work ethic of manager Eddie Howe.Francis is one of those who have made the journey from League One with Howe.He told the Daily Express: “I did think I would love to be a coach and do it the way he manages.“But then I see the hours he puts in. I would never see the family. So I’m not so sure. I put in enough hours being a player!“It is very intense, the way Eddie works. Not everyone can do that. To get to his level with the success he has had because of the hours he puts in – it almost puts me off.“He is in at God knows what time in the morning, leaves well after the lads leave. You know why he puts in those hours – because he wants to be as successful as he can, and make us the best we can be.” About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

Read More »